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vue-cli3.0 + Vant UI搭建移动端基础框架

vue 炮渣日记 4周前 (11-05) 136次浏览 已收录 0个评论 扫描二维码

主要记录Vant的一些配置,关于vue怎么安装、更新、创建项目等问题可以直接看官方文档,而且3.0是有UI控制台的,创建项目都是可视化的,很方便。

vue-cli3.0 + Vant UI搭建移动端基础框架

安装Vant

Vant – 轻量、可靠的移动端 Vue 组件库

npm i vant -S

主要说下按需引用REM适配定制主题,因为官网的描述感觉还是太简单了,对于刚开始用还是需要一点时间的。

按需引用

  1. babel-plugin-import 是一款 babel 插件,它会在编译过程中将 import 的写法自动转换为按需引入的方式
//安装 babel-plugin-import 插件
npm i babel-plugin-import -D
  1. 然后打开项目,对 babel.config.js 进行修改
vue-cli3.0 + Vant UI搭建移动端基础框架
module.exports = {
 plugins: [
 ['import', {
 libraryName: 'vant',
 libraryDirectory: 'es',
 style: true //上图中我是配置了定制主题的
 }, 'vant']
 ]
};
  1. 然后就可以在组件中使用了
vue-cli3.0 + Vant UI搭建移动端基础框架
import { Button, Cell, NavBar } from "vant";
export default {
 components: {
 [Button.name]: Button,
 [Cell.name]: Cell,
 [NavBar.name]: NavBar
 }
};

Rem 适配

Vant 中的样式默认使用px作为单位,如果需要使用rem单位,推荐使用以下两个工具

  • postcss-pxtorem 是一款 postcss 插件,用于将单位转化为 rem
  • lib-flexible 用于设置 rem 基准值
  1. 安装插件
//postcss-pxtorem
npm install postcss-pxtorem --save-dev
//lib-flexible
npm i -S amfe-flexible
  1. 修改babel.config.js文件
vue-cli3.0 + Vant UI搭建移动端基础框架
module.exports = {
 presets: ["@vue/app"],
 plugins: [
 [
 "import",
 {
 libraryName: "vant",
 libraryDirectory: "es",
 style: name => `${name}/style/less`
 },
 "vant"
 ]
 ]
};
  1. 修改vue.config.js文件,没有这个文件就新建一个
vue-cli3.0 + Vant UI搭建移动端基础框架
const autoprefixer = require("autoprefixer");
const pxtorem = require("postcss-pxtorem");
module.exports = {
 // outputDir: "docs",
 // publicPath: process.env.NODE_ENV === "production" ? "/vant-demo/" : "/",
 css: {
 loaderOptions: {
 postcss: {
 plugins: [
 autoprefixer(),
 pxtorem({
 rootValue: 37.5,
 propList: ["*"]
 })
 ]
 }
 }
 }
};
  1. 修改main.js文件
vue-cli3.0 + Vant UI搭建移动端基础框架
import "amfe-flexible";
  1. 查看效果,页面中都变成了rem
vue-cli3.0 + Vant UI搭建移动端基础框架

定制主题

vue-cli3.0 + Vant UI搭建移动端基础框架
modifyVars: {
 red: '#03a9f4',
 blue: '#3eaf7c',
 orange: '#f08d49',
 'text-color': '#111'
 }

所有可用的颜色变量请参考官方的配置文件 配置文件。

这里我是把modifyVars的值放在了单独的文件中,这里随便你怎么做都可以,下面是我的van-custom-theme.js文件内容,这样方便点,要改什么直接改就好了。

module.exports.theme = {
 // Color variables
 "@black": "#000",
 "@white": "#fff",
 "@red": "#f44",
 "@blue": "#1989fa",
 "@orange": "#ff976a",
 "@orange-dark": "#ed6a0c",
 "@orange-light": "#fffbe8",
 "@green": "#20C3D7",
 "@gray": "#c8c9cc",
 "@gray-light": "#e5e5e5",
 "@gray-darker": "#7d7e80",
 "@gray-dark": "#969799",
 // Default colors
 "@text-color": "#323233",
 "@border-color": "#ebedf0",
 "@active-color": "#f2f3f5",
 "@background-color": "#f8f8f8",
 "@background-color-light": "#fafafa",
 // ActionSheet
 "@action-sheet-max-height": "90%",
 "@action-sheet-header-height": "44px",
 "@action-sheet-header-font-size": "16px",
 "@action-sheet-item-height": "50px",
 "@action-sheet-item-background": "@white",
 "@action-sheet-item-font-size": "16px",
 "@action-sheet-item-text-color": "@text-color",
 "@action-sheet-subname-color": "@gray-darker",
 "@action-sheet-subname-font-size": "12px",
 "@action-sheet-close-icon-size": "18px",
 "@action-sheet-close-icon-color": "@gray-dark",
 // Badge
 "@badge-font-size": "14px",
 "@badge-line-height": "1.4",
 "@badge-text-color": "@gray-darker",
 "@badge-padding": "20px 12px 20px 9px",
 "@badge-active-color": "@active-color",
 "@badge-background-color": "@background-color",
 "@badge-selected-font-weight": "500",
 "@badge-selected-text-color": "@text-color",
 "@badge-selected-border-color": "@red",
 "@badge-selected-background-color": "@white",
 // BadgeGroup
 "@badge-group-width": "85px",
 // Button
 "@button-mini-height": "22px",
 "@button-mini-min-width": "50px",
 "@button-mini-font-size": "10px",
 "@button-mini-line-height": "20px",
 "@button-small-height": "30px",
 "@button-small-font-size": "12px",
 "@button-small-min-width": "60px",
 "@button-small-line-height": "28px",
 "@button-normal-font-size": "14px",
 "@button-large-height": "50px",
 "@button-large-line-height": "48px",
 "@button-default-height": "44px",
 "@button-default-line-height": "42px",
 "@button-default-font-size": "16px",
 "@button-default-color": "@text-color",
 "@button-default-background-color": "@white",
 "@button-default-border-color": "@border-color",
 "@button-primary-color": "@white",
 "@button-primary-background-color": "@green",
 "@button-primary-border-color": "@green",
 "@button-info-color": "@white",
 "@button-info-background-color": "@blue",
 "@button-info-border-color": "@blue",
 "@button-danger-color": "@white",
 "@button-danger-background-color": "@red",
 "@button-danger-border-color": "@red",
 "@button-warning-color": "@white",
 "@button-warning-background-color": "@orange",
 "@button-warning-border-color": "@orange",
 "@button-bottom-action-default-color": "@white",
 "@button-bottom-action-default-background-color": "@orange",
 "@button-bottom-action-primary-color": "@white",
 "@button-bottom-action-primary-background-color": "@red",
 "@button-border-width": "1px",
 "@button-border-radius": "2px",
 "@button-round-border-radius": "10em",
 "@button-plain-background-color": "@white",
 "@button-disabled-opacity": ".5",
 // Cell
 "@cell-font-size": "14px",
 "@cell-line-height": "24px",
 "@cell-vertical-padding": "10px",
 "@cell-horizontal-padding": "15px",
 "@cell-text-color": "@text-color",
 "@cell-background-color": "@white",
 "@cell-border-color": "@border-color",
 "@cell-active-color": "@active-color",
 "@cell-required-color": "@red",
 "@cell-label-color": "@gray-dark",
 "@cell-label-font-size": "12px",
 "@cell-label-line-height": "18px",
 "@cell-label-margin-top": "3px",
 "@cell-value-color": "@gray-dark",
 "@cell-icon-size": "16px",
 "@cell-right-icon-color": "@gray-dark",
 "@cell-large-vertical-padding": "12px",
 "@cell-large-title-font-size": "16px",
 "@cell-large-label-font-size": "14px",
 // CellGroup
 "@cell-group-background-color": "@white",
 "@cell-group-title-color": "@gray-dark",
 "@cell-group-title-padding": "15px 15px 5px",
 "@cell-group-title-font-size": "14px",
 "@cell-group-title-line-height": "16px",
 // Checkbox
 "@checkbox-size": "20px",
 "@checkbox-border-color": "@gray-light",
 "@checkbox-transition-duration": ".2s",
 "@checkbox-label-margin": "10px",
 "@checkbox-label-color": "@text-color",
 "@checkbox-checked-icon-color": "@blue",
 "@checkbox-disabled-icon-color": "@gray",
 "@checkbox-disabled-label-color": "@gray",
 "@checkbox-disabled-background-color": "@border-color",
 // Collapse
 "@collapse-item-transition-duration": ".3s",
 "@collapse-item-content-padding": "15px",
 "@collapse-item-content-font-size": "13px",
 "@collapse-item-content-line-height": "1.5",
 "@collapse-item-content-text-color": "@gray-dark",
 "@collapse-item-content-background-color": "@white",
 "@collapse-item-title-disabled-color": "@gray",
 // Dialog
 "@dialog-width": "85%",
 "@dialog-font-size": "16px",
 "@dialog-transition": ".3s",
 "@dialog-border-radius": "4px",
 "@dialog-background-color": "@white",
 "@dialog-header-font-weight": "500",
 "@dialog-header-padding-top": "25px",
 "@dialog-header-isolated-padding": "25px 0",
 "@dialog-message-padding": "25px",
 "@dialog-message-font-size": "14px",
 "@dialog-message-line-height": "1.5",
 "@dialog-message-max-height": "60vh",
 "@dialog-has-title-message-text-color": "@gray-darker",
 "@dialog-has-title-message-padding-top": "12px",
 "@dialog-confirm-button-text-color": "@blue",
 // Info
 "@info-size": "16px",
 "@info-color": "@white",
 "@info-padding": "0 3px",
 "@info-font-size": "12px",
 "@info-font-weight": "500",
 "@info-border-width": "1px",
 "@info-background-color": "@red",
 "@info-font-family": "PingFang SC, Helvetica Neue, Arial, sans-serif",
 // List
 "@list-icon-size": "16px",
 "@list-icon-margin-right": "5px",
 "@list-text-color": "@gray-dark",
 "@list-text-font-size": "13px",
 "@list-text-line-height": "50px",
 // NavBar
 "@nav-bar-height": "46px",
 "@nav-bar-background-color": "@white",
 "@nav-bar-arrow-size": "16px",
 "@nav-bar-icon-color": "@blue",
 "@nav-bar-text-color": "@blue",
 "@nav-bar-title-font-size": "16px",
 "@nav-bar-title-text-color": "@text-color",
 // Notify
 "@notify-padding": "6px 15px",
 "@notify-font-size": "14px",
 "@notify-line-height": "20px",
 // NumberKeyboard
 "@number-keyboard-key-height": "54px",
 "@number-keyboard-key-background": "#ebedf0",
 // Overlay
 "@overlay-background-color": "rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.7)",
 // Panel
 "@panel-background-color": "@white",
 "@panel-header-value-color": "@red",
 "@panel-footer-padding": "10px 15px",
 // Radio
 "@radio-size": "20px",
 "@radio-border-color": "@gray-light",
 "@radio-transition-duration": ".2s",
 "@radio-label-margin": "10px",
 "@radio-label-color": "@text-color",
 "@radio-checked-icon-color": "@blue",
 "@radio-disabled-icon-color": "@gray",
 "@radio-disabled-label-color": "@gray",
 "@radio-disabled-background-color": "@border-color",
 // Rate
 "@rate-horizontal-padding": "2px",
 // Slider
 "@slider-active-background-color": "@blue",
 "@slider-inactive-background-color": "@gray-light",
 "@slider-disabled-opacity": ".3",
 "@slider-button-width": "20px",
 "@slider-button-height": "20px",
 "@slider-button-border-radius": "50%",
 "@slider-button-background-color": "@white",
 "@slider-button-box-shadow": "0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, .5)",
 // Swipe
 "@swipe-indicator": "6px",
 // Switch
 "@switch-width": "2em",
 "@switch-height": "1em",
 "@switch-node-size": "1em",
 "@switch-node-z-index": "1",
 "@switch-node-background-color": "@white",
 "@switch-node-box-shadow":
 "0 3px 1px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .05), 0 2px 2px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .1), 0 3px 3px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .05)",
 "@switch-background-color": "@white",
 "@switch-on-background-color": "@blue",
 "@switch-transition-duration": ".3s",
 "@switch-disabled-opacity": ".4",
 "@switch-border": "1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, .1)",
 // SwitchCell
 "@switch-cell-padding-top": "9px",
 "@switch-cell-padding-bottom": "9px",
 // Tab
 "@tabs-line-height": "44px",
 "@tabs-card-height": "30px",
 // Tabbar
 "@tabbar-height": "50px",
 "@tabbar-background-color": "@white",
 // TabbarItem
 "@tabbar-item-font-size": "12px",
 "@tabbar-item-text-color": "@gray-darker",
 "@tabbar-item-active-color": "@blue",
 "@tabbar-item-line-height": "1",
 "@tabbar-item-icon-size": "18px",
 "@tabbar-item-margin-bottom": "5px",
 // Tag
 "@tag-padding": ".2em .5em",
 "@tag-font-size": "10px",
 "@tag-medium-font-size": "12px",
 "@tag-large-font-size": "14px",
 "@tag-text-color": "@white",
 "@tag-border-radius": ".2em",
 "@tag-round-border-radius": ".8em",
 // Toast
 "@toast-max-width": "70%",
 "@toast-font-size": "14px",
 "@toast-text-color": "@white",
 "@toast-line-height": "20px",
 "@toast-border-radius": "4px",
 "@toast-background-color": "rgba(@text-color, .88)",
 "@toast-icon-size": "48px",
 "@toast-text-min-width": "96px",
 "@toast-text-padding": "8px 12px",
 "@toast-default-padding": "15px",
 "@toast-default-width": "90px",
 "@toast-default-min-height": "90px",
 "@toast-position-top-distance": "50px",
 "@toast-position-bottom-distance": "50px",
 // Search
 "@search-background-color": "#f7f8fA",
 // Stepper
 "@stepper-active-color": "#e8e8e8",
 "@stepper-background-color": "@active-color",
 "@stepper-button-disabled-color": "#f7f8fa",
 "@stepper-input-disabled-color": "@active-color",
 "@stepper-border-radius": "4px"
};
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